Sleep takes place in four different stages and REM (Rapid Eye Movement).
It is in REM that dreaming occur, and thereby lucid dreams too.
REM starts normally every 90 minutes with increasing duration.
So the longer you sleep, the more you dream.
During REM is the protein-synthesis highly active, so your body needs
high levels of amino acid. The neurotransmitter in use during REM is Acetylcholine.
It is made from the B-vitamin Choline and the vitamin B-5.
We sleep because the brain and body needs rest.
The brain is "recharging" mostly in stage 3 and 4, also called delta sleep.
The brain activity increase in stage 2 and 1. Its peak is at the REM stage.
The purpose for REM sleep is many. It is important for learning and memory i.e. protein-synthesis.
REM (Rapid Eye Movement) is also necessary to supply the cornea with oxygen.
But there are more vitamins that can make us dream more. The body can synthesis
the B-vitamin Choline. But in order to do that does it need vitamin B-12,
Folic acid (B-9), the amino acid Methionine and Serine.
Vitamins B-12 plays a role in the activation of amino acids during protein formation.
It has also the ability to increase the production of Acetylcholine and
normalize neurotransmissions in the brain.
Vitamin B-6 is another important vitamin. It is a co-enzyme which participates in over
60 enzymatic reactions involved in the metabolism of amino acids.
It is involved in the production of several body proteins and neurotransmitters.
It is particularly indispensable to the action of amino acid neurotransmitters, like
Serotonin, Dopamine, Melatonin, and Norepinephrine, which effect brain function.
It is also involved in the metabolism of Selenium, Calcium, and Magnesium.
Melatonin is a neurotransmitter/hormone that is only active during sleep.
It is being metabolized when you fall asleep from Serotonin, a neurotransmitter
that is being metabolized from the amino acid Tryptophan.
Melatonin increase non-REM sleep and makes it easier for you to fall asleep.
But it has also an interesting rebound effect that gives more frequent and vivid dreams.
The vividness might even give you a lucid dream.
The amino acid Tryptophan can be metabolized into Serotonin and Niacin (B-3).
Vitamin B-6 promotes this conversion.
Taking Niacin/Nicotine patches will increase the Serotonin production.
The more Niacin you take, the more Serotonin is produced and more Melatonin is metabolized.
Calcium and Magnesium promotes Serotonin production.
DMAE (Dimethylaminoethanol) is a very important B-vitamin. It flows easily through the
brains blood barrier, where it is converted into Choline. During REM is Choline added
the coenzyme A (Vitamin B-5), and we have Acetylcholine, the neurotransmitter in use during REM.
5-HTP (5-Hydroxy-TryptoPhan) is a Serotonin precursor that also flow quite easy through
the brains blood barrier. A good alternative to Melatonin.
Vitamin C helps metabolizing several amino acids and hormones.
It is also important to have adequate levels of amino acids. A few important is
Phenylalanine, Tyrosine, Methionine, Cysteine, Serine and Tryptophan.
Using Tobacco, Alcohol or Coffee prohibits the absorption necessary vitamins and amino acids.
Depressants suppress REM sleep, one is Alcohol, but taken in right doses can
create a rebound effect so that you wake up remembering many vivid dreams.
And anti-depressants may increase dream recall.
Caffeine will make you sleep lighter, will increase your dream recall and
maybe even give you a lucid dream.
Herbs like Valerian, Mugwort, Mullein, Kava Kava, Dittany of Crete,
St. Johns Wort, Calea Zacatechichi, Salvia Divinorum, Scutellaria Indica, Licorice Root,
Vervain, Jasmine, Honeysuckle, Datura, Bee Pollen, Catnip, Hops, Scullcap, Mimosa,
Lavender, Damiana, Withania Somnifera, Passionflower, Chamomile, Cardamom,
Gotu Kola, Ginkgo Biloba, Ibogaine, Verbena, Rose, Cinnamon, Marigold, Nutmeg,
Peppermint, Holly, Yarrow and Anise may help you dream more, recall more or
even have a Lucid Dream.
Make sure you know more about these herbs before you use them: some are to
be used in pillows, some are to be smoked, some are to be used in tea, etc.
And finally we have psychedelic drugs like DXM that may induce
Lucid Dreams. Some of the drugs and herbs can be addictive, and be poisonous
if taken in too large doses. Crystals and Magnets may also affect your dreams.